// by Otto Neurath | Philosophy Department at St. Anselm College //

If a statement is made, it is to be confronted with the totality of existing statements. If it agrees with them, it is joined to them; if it does not agree, it is called 'untrue' and rejected; or the existing complex of statements of science is modified so that the new statement can be incorporated.

Metaphysical terms separate - scientific terms connect. United by a unified language, scientists form a kind of scholarly republic of labour, even if so many other things still separate people.

There is no point outside the 'world' from where we may judge on TRUE and FALSE.

We are like sailors who on the open sea must reconstruct their ship but are never able to start afresh from the bottom. Where a beam is taken away a new one must at once be put there, and for this the rest of the ship is used as support. In this way, by using the old beams and driftwood the ship can be shaped entirely anew, but only by gradual reconstruction.